The Battle of the Brandywine was a critical military encounter of the American Revolution. Torrential rains greeted the British as they began their march across Delaware into Pennsylvania. On a recent trip to Delaware we decided to explore the countryside around Wilmington and came across the Brandywine Battlefield, now a visitors' site. General George Washington moved his troops to the Chadds Ford area to control the high ground, prevent the British Army under the command of General Howe from taking Philadelphia and to avoid being trapped between the British Army on land and the Royal Navy which was positioned on the Delaware River in September 1777. The Majority of our funds go directly to Preservation and Education. Hotels near Brandywine Battlefield: (1.43 mi) Hampton Inn & Suites Chadds Ford (1.94 mi) Staybridge Suites Wilmington - Brandywine Valley (2.31 mi) Best Western Plus Concordville Hotel (1.28 mi) Brandywine River Hotel (5.14 mi) Hamanassett Bed & Breakfast; View all hotels near Brandywine Battlefield on Tripadvisor The British Army sought to seize control of Philadelphia, drive the Congress out of the city and thereby bring an end to the war. Knyphausen, on the east bank of Brandywine Creek, launched an attack against the weakened American center across Chadds Ford, breaking through and Wayne's division and forcing him to retreat and leave behind most of his cannon. Fox Point State Park. The British grouped forces at nearby Kennett Square. In 1777, Gen. George Washington took a position along Brandywine Creek in an attempt to keep 15,000 British and Hessian troops commanded by Gen. William Howe from capturing Philadelphia. The engagement occurred near Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania during General William Howe's Philadelphia campaign to take Philadelphia. The battle was inevitable as both camps had been planning for the battle beforehand. The park is protected by its status as a National Historic Landmark District, designated as such by the United States Congress in 1997, 220 years after the Battle of Brandywine. For 20 years, the designation was largely forgotten. brandywinebattlefield.org Address. Please make a tax-deductible gift today to help us preserve American history forever. The creek itself was a major military obstacle during the 1770s. The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the American army of Major General George Washington and the British army of General Sir William Howe on September 11, 1777. “This tree was about 100 years old when the battle occurred,” says Andrew Outten, director of education at Brandywine Battlefield Park. The majority of the battle action took place south of modern day Street Road between U. S. Route 202 to the east and the Brandywine River to the west. Howe Moves His Army. Donate today to preserve battlefields in America and protect the legacy of our nation’s defining conflicts. As depicted in game, the British army forewent attacking the American force frontally, instead opting for a flanking attack. The engagement occurred near Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania during … [6] The historic site opened again after 11 days, operating under an interim agreement between the PHMC and Chadds Ford Township with the Brandywine Battlefield Associates, or "Friends of Brandywine Battlefield" who now operate the site with staff and volunteers.[7]. Brandywine Battlefield: Brandywine Battlefield Historic Site. Brandywine Creek (also called the Brandywine River) is a tributary of the Christina River in southeastern Pennsylvania and northern Delaware in the United States.The Lower Brandywine (the main stem) is 20.4 miles (32.8 km) long and is a designated Pennsylvania Scenic River with several tributary streams. Brandywine Creek State Park (85) 4.2 mi. The Brandywine Trail. The following partners generously contributed to the content and production of this project:-Chester County Conference and Visitor's Bureau-Visit Delco, PA-Visit Philadelphia-Greater Wilmington Convention & Visitors Bureau-Brandywine Battlefield Park Associates-Chester County Planning Commission The area was also a crossroads of the Thirteen Colonies. Thomas McGuire, Author of The Philadelphia Campaign: Brandywine and the Fall of Philadelphia, explains the Battle of Brandywine. On the afternoon of this day in 1777, General Sir William Howe and General Charles Cornwallis launch a full-scale British attack on General George Washington and the Patriot outpost at Brandywine Creek near Chadds Ford, in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, on the road linking Baltimore and Philadelphia. By including enough background information leading up to the battle, the author sets the stage perfectly, allowing the reader to comprehend the details offered. Washington's army plummeted in size from 15,000 to 6,000 after the battle. Get to know the area. By 4 p.m., the British attacked and quickly gained the ground from the Continental Army. Quaker farmers were getting ready to harvest their crops, plant winter wheat, slaughter beef cattle, hogs, shear their sheep and sell their yearling colts and fillies. The Battle of Brandywine was also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek. First State Heritage Park. 1 and Rt. It was also the longest single-day battle of the war, with continuous fighting for 11 hours. With each new phase of the ABPP-funded research— now in its second phase—another section of the British route is tackled. The creek itself was a major military obstacle during the 1770s. The British Army sought to seize control of Philadelphia, drive the Congress out of the city … Welcome to the Brandywine Battle Historic Site. Battle of Brandywine The Battle of Brandywine was also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek. 1491 Baltimore Pike PO Box 202 Chadds Ford, PA 19137 Phone (610) 459-3342 Admission. Battle of Brandywine Creek: Listen. Get to know the area. The British approached Philadelphia from the Chesapeake, landing at Head of Elk, Maryland (present day Elkton). For current hours of operation and additional information, visit Brandywine Battlefield Associateswebpage. But neither commander in the battle had proven themselves. is the U.S. 1 Description 2 General Information 3 Notes 4 Units 5 History After landing from his transport ships in the American Coast, Major General Sir William Howe led the British troops eastwards, with the intent of capturing Philadelphia. Brandywine Creek (also called the Brandywine River) is a tributary of the Christina River in southeastern Pennsylvania and northern Delaware in the United States.The Lower Brandywine (the main stem) is 20.4 miles (32.8 km) long and is a designated Pennsylvania Scenic River with several tributary streams. Its proximity to Philadelphia led directly to the land being the location of a major battle of the American Revolution. Brandywine Battlefield Park was the site of a thriving farming community until just before the battle. Frequently asked questions What's the area like around Brandywine Battlefield? 100 (now called Creek Road). Choose from 1, 2, 3, or 5 days of unlimited sightseeing with the Philadelphia Pass, and cover top attractions like the Philadelphia Zoo or the Eastern State Penitentiary with a single package ticket. Brandywine Battlefield Park. But Sullivan's men were cut down by return British fire, forcing them to retreat. Battle of Brandywine Creek. that destroyed the home. The American morale had not been destroyed; despite losing the battle, the Americans had good spirits hoping to fight the British again another day. To the north, another part of the battlefield is maintained by Birmingham Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania as "Battlefield of the Brandywine Park," or "Sandy Hollow Heritage Park." Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Timepiece Chronicles: Book 1: The Battle of Brandywine Creek. Brandywine Conservancy and Brandywine Creek Greenway. The creek itself was a major military obstacle during the 1770s. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. These homes have been restored to their 1777 appearance and are open to the public. Howe had no intention of mounting a full-scale attack against the prepared American defenses. White Clay Creek State Park. The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the American Continental Army of General George Washington and the British Army of General Sir William Howe on September 11, 1777, as part of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). The historic park is owned and operated by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, on 52 acres (210,000 m2), near Chadds Ford, Delaware County, Pennsylvania in the United States. Brandywine Creek, stream in southeastern Pennsylvania and western Delaware, U.S., rising in two branches in Chester county, Pennsylvania, which join near Coatesville. We consider the Brandywine River Museum, to be located at the heart of the Brandywine Valley and Chadds Ford at the crossroads of Rt. [8][9] On September 26, 1777, British forces marched into Philadelphia unopposed. Darkness brought the British pursuit to a standstill, which then left Weedon's force to retreat. See all. Battle of Brandywine Creek . The Benjamin Ring House is believed to have been used as headquarters by George Washington before the battle. Brandywine Conservancy commemorates its preservation of key Brandywine Battlefield site on anniversary of the Revolutionary War battle Reenactors from the 1st Delaware Regiment firing off a few rounds from their muskets, with a replica of George Washington’s tent in the background, courtesy of the Museum of the American Revolution. Relief shown by … See all. Estimated casualties on both sides were almost equally high–about 900 British and 850 to 1,000 Continentals–but according to the 18th century’s rules of warfare, the British, who had held the field, were the victors. Although Howe had defeated the American army, the unexpected resistance he had met prevented him from destroying it completely. Dec 31, 2014 - Major-General Sir William Howe’s outflanking of General Washington’s position on 11th September 1777 in the British advance to take Philadelphia The Brandywine Battlefield Historic Site sits on 46 acres of the former Brandywine Creek State Park (85) 4.2 mi. This is a description of what happened before, after, and during, the Battle of Brandywine Creek. The remains of Sullivan's men held off the pursuing British for nearly an hour but were eventually forced to retreat. He instead employed a flanking maneuver similar to those used in the Battle of Long Island. But Howe was slow to attack the American troops, which bought time for the Americans to position some of their men on high ground at Birmingham Meeting House, about a mile (2 km) north of Chadds Ford. However, the modern park only covers 50 acres which served primarily as the Continental encampment the two days prior to the battle. Choose from 1, 2, 3, or 5 days of unlimited sightseeing with the Philadelphia Pass, and cover top attractions like the Philadelphia Zoo or the Eastern State Penitentiary with a single package ticket. The Battle of Brandywine brings to life the largest engagement of the Revolutionary War, fought on September 11, 1777, between the Continental Army led by General George Washington and the British forces headed by General William Howe. Brandywine Battlefield Park. The Battle of Brandywine was the largest single day engagement of the American Revolution where nearly 30,000 soldiers (not including civilians, teamsters, servants, and other members of the army) squared off on a ten square mile area of roughly 35,000 acres. The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the American Continental Army of General George Washington and the British Army of General Sir William Howe on September 11, 1777, as part of the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783). The Battle of Brandywine brings to life the largest engagement of the Revolutionary War, fought on September 11, 1777, between the Continental Army led by General George Washington and the British forces headed by General William Howe.. For current hours of operation and additional information, visit Brandywine Battlefield Associates webpage. Double the Impact of Your Year-End Gift, Preserve 108 Acres of the Most Important Unprotected Battlefield Land, Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Congressmen and Land Conservation Leaders Announce Preservation Victory at Brandywine Battlefield, Campaign 1776 Announces First Battlefield Preservation Victories in New York State, Institute for Advanced Study and Civil War Trust Announce Agreement to Expand the Princeton Battlefield State Park While Meeting Institute Housing Needs. That’s considerably more territory than Brandywine Battlefield State Park in Chadds Ford, the 50-acre site many people associate with the battle. Brandywine Springs State Park. Today only! In the final stage of the battle, Howe sought a high point to view the landscape. brandywinebattlefield.org Address. History. Brandywine Battlefield Park is about a half-mile east of Brandywine Creek in southeastern Pennsylvania. the Battlefield On September 11, 1777, General George Washington was determined to prevent the British from capturing the American seat of government, Philadelphia. Washington had committed a serious error in leaving his right flank wide open and nearly brought on destruction if it had not been for Sullivan, Sterling, and Stephen's divisions that fought for time. A collection of Quaker style furniture is on display at the house with historical information about the battle and Washington's stay at the house. Further north, Greene sent Colonel Weedon's troops to cover the road just outside the town of Dilworth to hold off the British long enough for the rest of the Continental Army to retreat. Photo by PHMC/Elizabeth Bertheaud, 2008 Website. Photo by PHMC/Elizabeth Bertheaud, 2008 Website. Brandywine Creek, stream in southeastern Pennsylvania and western Delaware, U.S., rising in two branches in Chester county, Pennsylvania, which join near Coatesville. In late August 1777, after a distressing 34-day journey from Sandy Hook on the coast of New Jersey, a Royal Navy fleet of more than 260 ships carrying some 17,000 British troops under the command of British General Sir William Howe landed at the head of the Elk River, on the northern end of the Chesapeake Bay near present-day Elkton, Maryland (then known as Head of Elk), approximately 40–50 miles (60–80 km) southwest of Philadelphia. Supawna Meadows National Wildlife Refuge. The Brandywine Battlefield Historic Site sits on 46 acres of the former Continental Army encampment and offers many different programs and a self-guided driving tour. More troops fought at Brandywine than any other battle of the Revolutionary War. Major General William Howe’s fleet arrived at Head of Elk, Maryland on August 23, 1777, which ended a miserable voyage. What's the area like around Brandywine Battlefield? Adult: $8.00 * Seniors, AAA, AARP: $7.00* Youth (6-17): $5.00* Film & Museum … Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. Bellevue State Park. Much of the afternoon's fighting took place between Birmingham Friends Meetinghouse and Dilworthtown. Brandywine Battlefield is located in a historic area of Chadds Ford known for its picturesque gardens and array of dining options. Howe anticipated the quick capture of Philadelphia, which, in his opinion, would unleash Loyalist support in the Middle States. The British defeated the Americans and forced them to withdraw toward the rebel capital of Philadelphia. The Battle of Brandywine was the largest and longest single-day battle of the American Revolution (~11 hours long), involved over 30,000 troops between the two armies, resulted in the most casualties of any battle in the war, and covered 35,000 acres. Battle of Brandywine Creek: A British victory or a tactical American retreat? Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. Washington's headquarters at the battlefield. Follow in the footsteps of George Washington at the revolutionary Brandywine Battlefield Park. Through the night Washington’s army staggered and stumbled along the road to Chester. The American army also moved its military supplies to Reading, Pennsylvania, ahead of the British arrival.The Battle of Brandywine Creek was a staggering defeat for the Continental Army. The Brandywine Creek and its surrounding countryside, consisting of thick forests, rolling hills, and treacherous ravines, made a formidable obstacle for the British advance on Philadelphia. Some say the whole concept of the landmark area was overlooked because its boundaries weren’t actually confirmed until 1978 (and re-considered in 2010). Washington's Plan. Alapocas Run State Park. Relief shown by contours, hachures, and spot heights. Wilmington State Park. They also guide hands on activities, give speeches, sponsor seminars, and host open houses. Unloading the ships proved to be a logistical proble… In the 1950s, a new home was built to reflect the time period of the 1770s. Brandywine Battlefield Park is about a half-mile east of Brandywine Creek in southeastern Pennsylvania. Brandywine Battlefield Park is about a half-mile east of Brandywine Creek in southeastern Pennsylvania. American Fishing Wire 205 Carter Dr West Chester, PA (610) 692-1971 That year saw several historic markers go up on the former battlefield, a 10-square-mile area that officially became the Brandywine Battlefield National Historic Landmark in 1961. On a hilltop within Brandywine Battlefield Park stands a spectacular old-growth sycamore tree 300-375 years old, with an enormous trunk. On a hilltop within Brandywine Battlefield Park stands a spectacular old-growth sycamore tree 300-375 years old, with an enormous trunk. The engagement occurred near Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania during … Battle of Brandywine Creek. Brandywine Battlefield Historic Site is a National Historical Landmark. [13], "General Washington retreated to Warwick to have the army's muskets repaired,,", U.S. National Register of Historic Places, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Birmingham Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania, List of American Revolutionary War battles, Fort Pitt Museum, Bushy Run close due to state budget crisis, Friends of Brandywine Battlefield Website, "The Iron and Steel Heritage partners with Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources", "Brandywine Battlefield State Park, USGS West Chester (PA)", "A Commonwealth Treasure: Brandywine Battlefield Park", US National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania, History of the National Register of Historic Places, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brandywine_Battlefield&oldid=996779848, American Revolutionary War museums in Pennsylvania, National Historic Landmarks in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania state historical marker significations, Historic districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania, National Register of Historic Places in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, Chadds Ford Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 15:55. The Battle of Brandywine covered more than ten square miles, or 35,000 acres. Brandywine Creek Campground, Downingtown: See 10 traveler reviews, candid photos, and great deals for Brandywine Creek Campground, ranked #2 of 3 specialty lodging in Downingtown and rated 4 of 5 at Tripadvisor. Most of the Brandywine battlefield has been overrun by suburban residential developments between West Chester, Pennsylvania and Wilmington, Delaware. 9 reviews. Taking place after the Continental Army destroyed a string of Native American villages, the Battle... TODAY ONLY! The Battle of the Brandywine was over. Share On. Much of the battlefield is preserved but encroaching suburban sprawl is threatening the park. The Timepiece Chronicles: Book 1: The Battle of Brandywine Creek - Kindle edition by Sheridan, Kevin P.. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. The Battle of Brandywine Creek was fought between the American Continental Army of General George Washington and the British Army of General Sir William Howe. The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the American army of Major General George Washington and the British army of General Sir William Howe on September 11, 1777. Sightseeing Passes . State Parks. The battle cost the British about 89 killed and 487 wounded, while they claimed to have killed 200 Colonials, wounded 750 more, and captured over 400 as well as destroying or capturing 11 of the American artillery guns. The Brandywine Battlefield visitors center, just off Route 1 at Chadds Ford, is set amidst 50 acres of rolling park and woodlands. Its proximity to Philadelphia, about 30 miles, led directly to the land being the location of a major battle of the American Revolution. Sullivan then attacked a group of Hessian troops trying to outflank the Americans near Meeting House Hill and bought some time for most of the men to withdraw. A heavy fog on the day of the battle helped conceal British movements, and they were able to inflict heavy casualties on Washington's army. The Battle of Brandywine, or the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was a battle between the American army of Major General George Washington and the army of General Sir William Howe, comprising of British-Hessian army men. Its proximity to Philadelphia, about 30 miles, led directly to the land being the location of a major battle of the American Revolution. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Map of reconnaissance of the valley of Brandywine Creek : including the section from Smiths Bridge ... Topographic map showing roads, railroad, bridges, fortifications, batteries, and various Revolutionary War sites along Brandywine Creek, Chester County, Pennsylvania. The British defeated the Americans and forced them to withdraw toward the American capital of Philadelphia. The forces met near Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, as Howe moved to take Philadelphia, then the American capital. History of the Battle of the Brandywine September 9, 1777: Washington Prepares Defenses Philadelphia, the capital of the newly formed nation, was the goal of British General Howe during the campaign of 1777. The British appeared on the Americans' right flank at around 2 p.m. With Hazen's brigades outflanked, General John Sullivan, tried to reposition his troops to meet the unexpected British threat to their right flank. Decided to retreat like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading the Timepiece Chronicles: Book:... 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